Pipe2016: KYPipe Overview (Steady-State)

Originally developed by Civil Engineering professors from the University of Kentucky, KYPipe has been continually updated and maintained for over 40 years and is the most widely used and trusted hydraulic analysis engine in the world.
KYPipe models water, petroleum, refined products, chemicals, refrigerants, low pressure sewer systems and more. It can be used for selecting and sizing pipes, pumps, valves, tanks and other devices. Calibration tools and pump operation optimization features help ensure sound modeling.

  • Example
  • Piping data import

    Import Data from CAD, GIS and Google Earth

    Import and export piping data (lines and polylines) from AutoCAD to create a pipe system. Import and export system data to and from GIS shape files and Google Earth.


    Piping data import

    Many Supported Background Types

    Internet Maps – Import maps and retrieve system elevations from the internet for model backgrounds and complete contour reference.


    Backgrounds – Display image files in the background including DWG, DXF, PDF, BMP, TIF, JPG, and Internet Maps.
    Piping data import

    Wide Range of Elements and Devices

    Node elements & devices include junctions, tanks, reservoirs, pumps, sprinklers, regulating valves, control valves, etc. In addition, we model a number of unique devices such as hydrotanks, vacuum breakers, variable pressure supplies, combined holding tank-pump elements, loss elements, etc.

    Pipe Schedules

    Custom List of Pipe Types

    Select the Pipe Type from one of many Pipe Schedules and the pipe data fields are automatically populated. This is a great time saving feature. Users can create their own Pipe Schedules or select from hundreds available.

    Device Libraries – Users can create customized libraries which contain data for devices such as pumps, valves, air vacuum valves, surge tanks, back flow preventers, and pipe libraries. A library can be created for almost any device. A large number of pipe libraries are distributed with the software.

    Optimize Pump Cost

    Minimize Pumping Cost Over Time

    The Optimal Pump Scheduling tool computes the most economical and efficient way of operating complex water distribution systems with multiple pump stations.

    Pipe Diameter Sizing Tool

    Optimize Pipe Diameters

    The Optimal Design Module will select the optimal diameters for a specified section of a system to minimize the total pipe cost.

    Calibrate Water Model

    Calibrate Based on Field Test Data

    Optimized Calibration minimizes the difference between observed field data and model predictions considering all test data simultaneously to provide the best calibration possible.

    NFPA Hydrant Rating

    NFPA Hydrant Rating

    Hydrant Flow Calculation provides calculated fire flow for each hydrant which will maintain a specified minimum pressure anywhere in the distribution system as well as the required pressure at a pumper.

    Flushing Planner

    Flushing Calculations

    Flushing Planner Analysis identifies pipes that attain a specified minimum velocity based on flushing scenarios. Results are displayed using pipe color codes, a special set of map labels, and a Flushing Report. .

  • Rural Analysis

    IPD Rural Analysis

    Instantaneous Peak Demand Rural Analysis calculates your model demands using Peak Demand Diversity curves recommended for rural and sparsely populated water systems. Conventional designs often lead to undersized piping and low pressures.

    Water Meters

    Residential and Metered Connections

    Meters provide a powerful alternative to allocated junction demands. Place one or more meter connections at any location in any pipeline and associate these meters with the user and demand type. Demands automatically assigned to junctions.

    Demand Types & Patterns factors (multipliers) entered into the program table will vary multiple types of demand over time.

    Automatic Demand Distribution – Specify the total demand and number of residential connections and the demand it will automatically be distributed throughout the system. This is a tremendous time saver

    Constraint Calculator

    Direct Parameter Calculations

    Direct Parameter Calculations allow you to calculate operating or design parameters that exactly satisfy stated pressure requirements at designated locations in the piping system for a range of operating conditions.

    Size Branch Pipe Diameters

    Branch Diameter Calculator Tool

    The Branch Diameter Calculation feature is another time saving unique feature that gives the user the ability to assign the diameters of branch lines based on the design flow.

    OCS Screen

    Operational Control Settings and SCADA

    The Operational Control Settings screen is a unique and very useful tool for presentations and operational and design studies. There is no better tool for presenting the impact of changes in operation of a distribution system.

    Time Simulations

    Simulations Over Time

    Extended Period Simulation simulates extended periods (e.g. 24–144 hours) with pump and tank controls, demand curves, and specified changes at designated times.

    Fire Suppression Systems

    Sprinkler Systems

    Sprinkler Systems and hydrant system layouts can be built with automatic pipe layout grids which is a huge time-saving feature in building models with many duplicate grid sections.

    Viscosity Variation Analysis

    Temperature Variations

    The Temperature Dependent Analysis allows for modeling liquids with significant changes in density and viscosity at different parts of the distribution system.

    Presentation Generator

    Automatic Presentation Builder

    Presentation Generator creates detailed PowerPoint, Microsoft Word and HTML reports within the KYnetic interface. Add maps, images, videos, tables and graphs for dynamic presentations.

    Locate Pressure Zones

    Pressure Zone Locater

    Locate Pressure Zones – Find and emphasize pressure zones in a system.

    Printing, Images, and PDFs – Export maps, graphs, tables and reports directly to a PDF, JPG or BMP file without loss of quality.

  • Example
  • Example
  • elevation contours

    Contours and Color-Coding

    Contours and Emphasis – Generate, display and print contour maps for a variety of node data and results (e.g., elevation, pressure).

    Pipeline Pressure Envelope

    Animated Pipeline Profile

    Pipe Profiles – Animated pipe profiles provide a spectacular presentation tool. Specify the first and last nodes and the rest is done automatically.

    Animated Maps over Time

    Animated Map Labels and Contours

    Animated Maps – Apply timed color emphasis to pressure contours and demand nodes to create stunning animated presentations.

    EPANET Water Quality

    Water Quality Analysis

    Complete Water Quality Analysis capabilities using EPA guidelines as required by some regulatory agencies. The EPANET Water Quality program is used for these calculations.

    Water Quality Sensors

    Find Ideal Location for Quality Sensors

    The Optimal Water Quality Sensor Placement Tool is a simplified guidance tool for optimal placement of sensors in small and medium water distribution networks.

    Bulk and Wall Reaction Rates

    Calibrate Reaction Rates

    With Water Quality Calibration, Bulk Reaction and Wall Reaction Rates for pipes are optimized based on field data. These rates are required data in the calculation of chemical concentrations in water over time.

    Limit Number of Pipes

    Minimize Model Size

    Skeletonization – Eliminate pipes according to characteristics while maintaining all system demands, pumps and supply nodes.

    Minor Losses in Pipes

    Minor Losses for Pipe Fittings

    Fittings/Loss Coefficients – Enter the number of each type of fitting from the extensive drop-down list and the loss coefficient Ks are automatically summed for any pipe section.

    Time and Travel Distance

    Travel Path and Distance

    Displays the travel distance from a selected node to all other nodes in the system (KYnetic only).

    KYPipe Validation

    KYPipe Validation

    The Pipe2016 program was validated by comparing the results from several different models generated by the already-validated Pipe2010 program, which is a predecessor of Pipe2016.